Production of local microbubbles (MBs) with dense distribution in tumor environment is achieved by developing an integrated electrochemical stimulator
on a microfabricated silicon needle covered by zinc-oxide nanowires (ZnONWs). MBs are then exploded by external ultrasonic actuation, which induce microcavitations in tumor cells followed by direct entrance of anticancer drugs into cancer cells. This system, named ZnO nanowire-based microbubble generator probe (ZnONW-MGP), is tested on tumorized mice models (by MC4L2 breast cell lines). Mice treated by ZnONW-MGP have ≈82% reduction in tumor size within 10 days with just 25% of conventional
dose of paclitaxel while in the absence of the system, they have just a 15% reduction in tumor size. Presence of ZnO nanostructures on microneedles strongly reduces the size of MBs and enhances the efficacy of the sonoporation.